Category Archives: books

How to write an abstract

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Abstract is a short and effective description of your research paper or report on any topic that will help your professor or boss to know about the concept and main ideas of your research. It helps to make your paper more acceptable at first look to the superior and makes them interested to take look through it, that’s why you have to know how to write an abstract perfectly.

Have some ideas about abstract

Firstly you have to clarify yourself about the type of your abstract. I mean to say you have to know what you are writing before knowing how to write an abstract. When you will know if it is an academic report or a research paper or a data representing paper on behalf of any company, you can then proceed to the next steps to make a unique and quality abstract.

Steps to write a complete abstract

There are some general factors which have to be followed in every types of abstract. They are described below:


You have to make sure your abstract contain all the keywords which may found in the main articles. If you are writing a database research paper then you have to share some database keywords like some problems and their solutions in your abstract. It is not sufficient to add those and you have to put here a complete description of the keys so that reader wouldn’t face any difficulties to understand it.


You have to ask some questions to yourself and try to reflect the answers completely in the article. The questions may be of these types such as

  • How many keywords you’ve used there?
  •  Which steps you’ve taken to complete your job?
  • If your result was perfect or not and so on?

Discussing approach is very important here and you also have to put your research result in your abstract.


Consider to give some appropriate discussion and conclusion in your abstract. In discussion part you have to discuss about everything you’ve faced when researching whether it may be positive or negative and their reasons but in conclusion you have put some positive experience. And most importantly consider several revisions to avoid any type of mistake.

Now you know how to write an abstract so put your approach to impress your professor or office boss with your research paper confidently following these instructions.

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Tips on Writing

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Writing is an art that can be challenging to master. This is because sometimes, people are having a hard time expressing themselves. In this article, I will give you some tips on writing.

Tip #1: Read a lot.

Read a wide variety of books. Reading can help you expand your vocabulary, and a wide vocabulary is a precursor to writing well.

Tip #2: Practice. Practice. Practice.

If you want to write well, you need to practice a lot. No matter how bad your writing may seem, don’t give up until you have perfected the craft.

Tip #3: Think of a good title.

The first thing that people will see when you hand in your write-up is the title. Your title can somehow influence the decision of your readers on whether they will read your work or not. Write a title that will attract readers.

Tip #4: Create an outline.

Make an outline that will serve as the framework of your write-up. You can also draw concept maps and plot threads if you want. It will help you along the way.

Tip #5: Take notes.

Practice note-taking. Whenever a good idea pops into your mind, write it down. Do not rely on your memory alone because you might forget some of the things you’ve come up with.

Tip #6: Write drafts.

Write multiple drafts for your write-up. Keep on editing and refining your masterpiece.

Tip #7: Take into consideration your target audience.

In writing, you should always keep in mind your target readers. Are you writing for kids, teens, single moms? You should always know for whom are you writing your piece and adjust your writing style accordingly.

Tip #8: Be mindful of your tone and your purpose.

Before starting write, you should know your objective for writing your piece. Are you writing to inform, to persuade, or to entertain? You do not only need to adjust your writing style but also your tone depending on your purpose.

Tip #9: Make a striking ending.

Write an ending that will be memorable to your readers. The kind of ending that will blow your readers’ minds and create a lasting impact on them.

Tip # 10: Get adequate sleep.

Let me explain the relevance of sleep to good writing in a way that is easy to understand. To be able to write well, you need to have a lot of ideas. In order for you to come up with a lot of ideas, you need a properly functioning brain. Lastly, in order for your brain to function properly, you need enough sleep. It’s just as simple as that.

Tip #11: Exercise discipline.

You can exercise discipline by being organized. Organize your notes and other things that will aid you in writing your piece. Also set deadlines for yourself and make sure that you will strictly follow them. Lastly, set a specific time of day and number of hours that you will allot in completing your project.

Tip #12: Get comfortable.

Choose a comfortable place where you will write your piece. Don’t expect to come up with great ideas if you’re not comfortable.

To sum up…

Writing is no mean task. Writing is not a skill that you can develop overnight. It is something that requires diligent effort and time.

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Tips on Writing a Book

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If you want to write a book, you must have the determination to finish it before even writing the first word. Below are some useful tips on writing a book.

Tip #1: Read good books.

By reading good books, you will get some idea or pointers on how to write a book.

Tip #2: Come up with an excellent idea.

You need to think of a great idea that you will write about in your book. Do not think that you are not capable of coming up with a unique idea.

Tip #3: Travel.

You will get valuable ideas by seeing new places and acquiring new experiences.  You might get inspiration from the things that you see, your experiences, and people you meet.

Tip #4: Be Creative.

In writing a book, you need to have a lot of creativity. Use your imagination to keep your readers from being bored.

Tip #5: Do not be afraid of criticisms.

Even the best writers in the world receive criticisms or negative feedback. Take these criticisms positively and use them to improve your writing.

Tip #6: Keep on writing.

Writing a book is a long journey. Do not give up when you encounter challenges along the way. Remember, when things are too easy, you might be doing something wrong.

Tip #7: Have people you trust read your drafts.

There is no better way to improve your writing skills than to ask for the feedback of other people. Have your trusted friends read your drafts or chapters of your book and listen to their comments carefully. Take notes and make necessary adjustments in your writing.

Tip #8: Pour your heart out.

Express all your thoughts and emotions clearly. Make sure that all the lessons that you want to convey to the readers are clearly presented in your book.

Final Words…

This article showing some tips on how to write a book will aid you throughout the process of writing your masterpiece. You should not be intimidated by the enormous responsibility that comes with it.

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How to Write a Summary for Kids

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Writing a summary for kids is a lot similar to the process of writing other kinds of summaries. Below are simple steps on how to write a summary for kids.

Step One: Choose an age appropriate text and read it thoroughly.

The first thing that you should do is to choose a text that will be appropriate to the age of your target readers. Avoid those that have adult content such as violence, sex, and profanity because people of young age might emulate what they see or read. After choosing the text that you will summarize, you have to read (or reread, if you have already read it before) it carefully and with comprehension just like when writing a book summary.

Step Two: Highlight the important things.

You should include the title, author, and an overview of the text in the introduction. Also find the significant points and lessons that the young readers should learn and emphasize them. Do not include the minor and irrelevant details.

Step Three: Keep it short and simple.

Children would prefer a short summary over one that is too wordy. Remember that your target readers are kids so do not use highfalutin words but at the same time, do not sound like you are belittling them. Young readers tend to have a shorter attention span, so your summary should be simple yet interesting.

Step Four: Edit your summary.

The last step would be to read your work again and double-check for errors in technicality as well as wrong use of words. Refine your work such that it would appeal to your target readers.

To sum up…

This write-up showing how to write a summary proves how simple this task can get. By following some of the pointers provided in this article, you will be able to come up with a summary without breaking a sweat.


  1. Be creative. Use your imagination to come up with a write-up that will get the attention of young readers.
  2.  Read children’s book. You may get some pointers on how to write for kids

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How to Write a Plot Summary for a Book

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A plot summary is written in order to give an overview of the story of the book and explain what the writer is trying to impart to the readers. Writing a plot summary may seem to be a complicated task, but following the simple steps listed below on how to write a plot summary for a book will make it a very easy task.

Step One: Know your book.

In order for you to write a good plot summary, you must familiarize yourself with the basic details such as the book’s genre, author, and year of first publication. Make sure that you have also read the book with comprehension.

Step Two: Write an overview.

In this part of the process, you need to determine the central conflict, the setting, the characters, as well as their personalities. Do not focus only on the main characters but also highlight the significance of the supporting ones in the development of the story. State and explain the major themes and ideas presented in the book.

Step Three: Identify and include the key events.

You should determine the most significant events and include them in your plot summary. Explain them and also add quotations or exact lines derived from the book to support your statements.

Step Four: Compare the piece with other books of the same topic.

Look for similarities or differences between the book and other text you have read about the same subject. Express your thoughts and insights about them and present them clearly.

Step Five: Finalize your work and proofread.

You must never forget to proofread your work when writing. Read your work again and check for errors. Constantly edit your write-up, finalize, and submit your work.

To sum up…

A well-written plot summary will entice people to read the book. The plot summary is just enough to attract their attention and allow them to decide if they want to read the entire text. Following the simple steps presented in this article on how to write a plot summary for a book will ensure a good plot summary that will serve its purpose.


  1. This is a kind of summary, so keep it short.
  2. Be as specific as you can and express your ideas in a direct to the point manner.
  3. Be objective in writing. Do not include your personal opinions.

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How to Write a Good Book Review

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Writing a book review is easy, but writing a good book review is a challenge. Listed below are some tips on how to write a good book review.

Tip #1: Think of a good title.

The first thing that people will usually read is the title, so try to come up with a catchy title. Arouse the curiosity of the readers by making an interesting title for your book review.

Tip #2: Be honest.

Writing an honest evaluation of the book is what a book review is all about. You don’t need to always agree with the ideas of the author.

Tip #3: Explain clearly.

Present your ideas clearly and in such a way that your points will be easily understood by the readers.

Tip #4: Include a quotation or lines from the book.

You can quote a character from the book to support your ideas about a particular theme. Furthermore, it would also be more effective if you back up your assessment and explain what made you say that by getting lines from the text itself.

Tip #5: Go deeper.

The key to writing a good book review is to dig deeper into the text. You should make constructive criticisms to be more effective.

Tip #6: Answer the question, “Would you recommend the book?”

Sometimes, people read reviews to know whether the book is worth reading. With this in mind, it is also advisable to write whether you would recommend the book or not. This part can be included in the concluding paragraph.

Final Words…

I have provided some tips on how to write a good book review, but still the surefire way in good writing is constant practice.


  1. Read a lot. It will not only expand your vocabulary but also improve your reading comprehension.
  2. Read other book reviews. It might help you gain additional insights.
  3. Let others read your work and ask for their feedback.

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How to Write a Book Summary

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A book summary should contain the important elements and points of the book. It should be very concise and straight to the point. Sometimes, students see the task of writing a book summary as a difficult and complicated process but if you know the right approach, you will see that this is rather an easy task. Listed below are simple steps on how to write a book summary.

Step One: Read the book.

In order to write the summary, you obviously need to read the book. When I say read, I mean read with comprehension. You have to read the book carefully and grasp all the major ideas and elements. Trust me, if you do not fully understand the fundamental ideas presented in the book, it will cost you more time and energy because during the actual writing process, you will find yourself having the need to reread parts of the book that you did not comprehend.

Step Two: Practice note-taking.

I don’t expect you to have phographic memory and remember everything in the book, so I would advise you to write down notes. You can do this while reading or after you have read few chapters of the book. In taking notes, you do not need to write the exact words found on the book. You can write shortcuts that will help you remember that particular part of the book. Take note of the setting, the tone, the new characters, as well as their personalities.

Step Three: Write the introduction.

You can write a one paragraph introduction that contains the title and author of the book, the genre, the purpose of the book, and a very brief overview. Be objective in writing, and no matter how tempting, do not give your personal opinions.

Step Four: Write the body of your book summary.

In this step, you will have to gather and utilize all your notes. Organize your paragraphs according to the story of the book. Only include the significant points and skip the minor details. The body of your summary should consist of a minimum of three paragraphs depending on how complex the book is.

Step Five: Write the conclusion.

The conclusion can be one paragraph long and should include the key points of the book and also a reiteration of the ending of the book. Do not introduce new ideas because this is already the closing paragraph.

Step Six: Proofread your work.

Before submitting your book summary, read it again and do some editing to refine your work. Keep an eye for grammatical and typographical errors, spelling mistakes, and other errors in technicalities. Make sure that you have used the appropriate words and did not make any alterations on the meaning and implications of the story.

Final Words…

Writing a book summary may seem intimidating especially if the book is a complex one, but if you follow the simple steps found in this article on how to write a book summary, you will be able to accomplish this task in no time.


  1. Use your own words in writing the summary.
  2. Be accurate. Your summary should provide a clear picture on what the book is all about.
  3. Do not alter the meaning of the text.

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How to Write A Book Review

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Writing a book review is simply doing an evaluation or an assessment of a book. It is done by giving your opinions and sharing your thoughts about what you’ve read. For a step-by-step tutorial on how to write a book review, refer to the list below.

Step One: Pick a book.

Obviously, the first step would be to pick a book that you would like to review. You can pick any book you are interested with but if your book review is a class requirement, it is advisable that you choose a book that has depth and is something worth reviewing. For example, you can choose to review classic books or those that won some literary awards.

Step Two: Get to know the author and the book.              

Make some research on the background of the author, his/her other books, awards that he/she won, and his/her writing style. Knowing these things will aid you in writing your review. As for the book, you can read the summary usually located at the back cover and know other information about the book such as its genre and year of first publication.

Step Three: Read the book and take notes.

You have to read the book thoroughly and take note of the important points that is worth emphasizing. The note-taking process in writing a book review is that in taking notes that will be used for book review, your thoughts and feelings about the text should be included aside from the major points of the story.

Step Four: Write a short summary of the book.

For the first part of your book review, you need to construct a short summary of the book. You should assume that your readers have not read the book yet (even if in reality, some have read it already). This part should be one paragraph long only. Remember that you are writing a book review and so majority of your write-up should exhibit your own thoughts and opinions about the book like what set it apart from other books you have read. The purpose of this part is to just give the readers an idea or overview of the main subject of the text.

Step Five: Write your evaluation.

In writing your evaluation of the book, you need to discuss the major themes or points that the book conveys. Share your thoughts and feelings freely. If you disagree about an idea of the author, you can state it and provide some reasons why you disagree with the writer. You can also state your opinion on whether the ideas were properly organized or whether the book has an emotional appeal to you. Additionally, you can describe the author’s writing style and state whether you like his/her style or not. You should not be impartial and review the work by its own merit. 

Step Six: Write a conclusion.

In writing a book review, you also need to write a conclusion which should include your thoughts and general impression about the whole book. This serves as your final words so try to summarize all your thoughts.

Step Seven: Reread your book review and do some proofreading.

The last step in writing a book review is to read your write-up again and check if there are any grammatical or technical errors.  Make necessary improvements before submitting your work.

To sum up

One should learn the right way to write a book review. By keeping in mind the pointers on how to write a book review it is probable that you will come up with a well written review.  

Things to consider in writing a book review

  1. Organize your notes and write legibly. Your notes would be useless if you can’t understand what you’ve written.
  2. Engross yourself with what you’re reading.
  3. If you want to write well, read a lot so your vocabulary will expand.
  4. Do not skip any chapter and should read the book from start to finish. You might miss something important.
  5. In taking notes that will be used for book review, you can write a list of the characters with their personalities and the events that lead to a change in character if there are any.

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How to Start a Novel

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So you’ve come up with a grand idea of writing a novel. Great. You probably even have a cool concept in mind already, but somehow, you don’t know where to start. This article will teach you how to start a novel.

Step One: Plan.

The first thing you should do to start a novel is to plan and make an outline of your novel. Although some writers like to develop the plot as they write, for starters, it is advisable to think of a solid plot and ending of your novel. This process may somehow prevent the common problem of getting to a dead end.

Step Two: Know your audience and your genre.

It is necessary that you know your target audience and adjust your writing style accordingly. You should know your genre and probably read some books from your chosen genre to get some pointers.

Step Three: Know your characters.

In this step, you should create your characters and know them well. Study their personalities as if they’re real people.

Step Four: Think of a setting.

You should think of a location where the events in your novel will take place. It can be a fantasy world or a real place. You can also have multiple settings if you want.

Step Five: Begin writing.

Write your first draft. Grammatical errors or errors in technicality in your rough draft are perfectly fine. Your novel will go through a lot of editing and some of the things you wrote here may still be changed. For the first few chapters of your novel, you may want to describe your setting and introduce your characters.

Step Six: Write the other chapters.

Develop your story and characters as you write along. You can always refer to the outline that you’ve made earlier. Continue writing your novel until you reach your desired ending.

Final Words…

Writing a novel takes time but following these simple pointers on how to start a novel will make things a whole easier. Sometimes, the hardest thing in writing is to start but once you get the hang of it you will notice that things will get easier. 


  1. Be original. No matter how tempting, do not pattern your novel to famous ones that you have read.
  2. Try not to be predictable. Create plot twists to keep your readers from being bored.
  3. Be creative. You can use figures of speech to make your writing style more interesting.

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